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154. Webster VL, Hemmings S, Pérez M, Fisher MC, Brown MJF, Farrer RA (2024) Revealing the genome of the microsporidian Vairimorpha bombi, a potential driver of bumble bee declines in North America. G3 14:jkae029

153. Babin A, Schurr F, Delannoy S, Fach P, Nguyet MHTN, Bougeard S, de Miranda JR, Rundlöf M, Wintermantel D, Albrecht M, Attridge E, Bottero I, Cini E, Costa C, De la Rúa P, Di Prisco G, Dominik C, Dzul D, Hodge S, Klein AM, Knapp J, Knauer AC, Mänd M, Martínez‑López V, Medrzycki P, Pereira‑Peixoto MH, Potts SG, Raimets R, Schweiger O, Senapathi D, Serrano J, Stout JC, Tamburini G, Brown MJF, Laurent M, Rivière M-P, Chauzat M-P, Dubois E (2024) Distribution of infectious and parasitic agents among three sentinel bee species across European agricultural landscapes. Scientific Reports 14:3524

152. Wolmuth-Gordon HS, Nakabayashi K, Brown MJF (in press) Newly emerged bumblebees are highly susceptible to gut parasite infection. Insectes Sociaux online early


151. Nicholson CC, Knapp J, Kiljanek T, Albrecht M, Chauzat M-P, Costa C, De la Rùa P, Klein A-M, Mänd M, Potts SP, Schweiger O, Bottero I, Cini E, de Miranda JR, Di Prisco G, Dominik C, Hodge S, Kaunath V, Knauer A, Laurent M, Martínez-Lòpez V, Medrzycki P, Pereira-Peixoto MH, Raimets R, Schwarz JM, Senapathi D, Tamburini G, Brown MJF, Stout JC, Rundlöf M (2024) Pesticide use negatively affects bumble bees across European landscapes. Nature 628:355-358


150. Wolmuth-Gordon HS, Sharmin A, Brown MJF (2023) Methods matter: the influence of method on infection estimates of the bumblebee parasite Crithidia bombi. Parasitology 150:1236-1241

149. Willcox BK, Potts SG, Brown MJF, Alix A, Al Naggar Y, Chauzat M-P, Costa C, Gekière  A, Hartfield C, Hatjina F, Knapp JL, Martínez-López V, Maus C, Metodiev T, Nazzi F, Osterman J, Raimets R, Strobl V, Van Oystaeyen A, Wintermantel D, Yovcheva N, Senapathi D (2023) Emerging threats and opportunities to managed bee species in European agricultural systems – A Horizon Scan. Scientific Reports 13:18099

148. Straw EA, Cini E, Gold H, Linguadoca A, Mayne C, Rockx J, Brown MJF, Garratt MPD, Potts SG, Senapathi D (2023) Neither sulfoxaflor, Crithidia bombi, nor their combination impact bumble bee colony development or field bean pollination. Scientific Reports 13:16462


147. Zhuang M, Colgan TJ, Guo Y, Zhang Z, Liu F, Xia Z, Dai X, Zhang Z, Li Y, Wang L, Xu J, Guo Y, Qu Y, Yao J, Yang H, Yang F, Li X, Guo J, Brown MJF, Li J (2023) Unexpected worker mating and colony-founding in a superorganism. Nature Communications 14:5499

146. Wolmuth-Gordon HS, Brown MJF (2023) Transmission of a bumblebee parasite is robust despite parasite exposure to extreme temperatures. Ecology and Evolution 13:e10379


145. Straw EA, Mesnage R, Brown MJF, Antoniou MN (2023) No impact of glyphosate or Crithidia bombi, or their combination, on the bumblebee microbiome. Scientific Reports 13: 8949


144. Siviter J, Bailes EJ, Martin CD, Oliver TR, Koricheva J, Leadbeater E, Brown MJF (2023) Addendum: Agrochemicals interact synergistically to increase bee mortality. Nature 617: E7-E9


143. Françoso E, Zuntini AR, Ricardo PC, Santos PKF, de Souza Araujo N, Silva JPN, Gonçalves LT, Brito R, Gloag R, Taylor BA, Harpur B, Oldroyd BP, Brown MJF, Arias MC (2023) Rapid evolution, rearrangements and whole mitogenome duplication in the Australian stingless bees Tetragonula (Hymenoptera: Apidae): A steppingstone towards understanding mitochondrial function and evolution. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 242:124568


142. Askri D, Straw EA, Arafah K, Voisin SN, Bocquet M, Brown MJF, Bulet P (2023) Parasite and pesticide impacts on the bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) haemolymph proteome. IJMS-Molecular Biology 24: 5384

141. Luke SH, [13 authors], Brown MJF, [38 authors], Dicks LV (2023) Grand challenges in entomology: priorities for action in the coming decades. Insect Conservation and Diversity 16:173-189

140. Huml JV, Ellis JS, Rustage S, Brown MJF, Billington R, Knight ME (2023) The tragedy of the common? A comparative population genomic study of two bumblebee species. Insect Conservation and Diversity 16: 335-354

139. Siviter H, Fisher II A, Baer B, Brown MJF, Camargo IF, Cole J, Le Conte Y, Dorin B, Evans JD, Farina W, Fine J, Fischer LR, Garratt MPD, Giannini TC, Giray T, Li-Byarlay H, López-Uribe MM, Nieh JC, Przybyla K, Raine NE, RayAM, Singh G, Spivak M, Traynor K, Kapheim KM, Harrison JF (2023) Protecting pollinators and our food supply: understanding and managing threats to pollinator health. Insectes Sociaux 70: 5-16

138. Manley R, Doublet V, Wright ON, Doyle T, Refoy I, Hedges S, Pascall D, Carvell C, Brown MJF, Wilfert L (2023) Conservation measures or hotspots of disease transmission? Agri-environment schemes can reduce disease prevalence in pollinator communities. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 378:20220004

137. Doublet V, Doyle T, Refoy I, Hedges S, Carvell C, Brown MJF, Wilfert L (2022) Increasing flower species richness in agricultural landscapes alters insect pollinator networks: implications for bee health and competition. Ecology and Evolution 12:e9442

136. Linguadoca A, Jürison M, Hellström S, Straw EA, Sima P, Karise R, Costa C, Serra G, Colombo R, Paxton RJ, Mänd M, Brown MJF (2022) Intra-specific variation in sensitivity of Bombus terrestris and Osmia bicornis to three pesticides. Scientific Reports 12:17311

135. Hodge S, Schweiger O, Klein A-M, Potts SG, Costa C, Albrecht M, de Miranda JR, Mand M, De la Rúa P, Rundlöf M, Attridge E, Dean R, Bulet P, Michez D, Paxton RJ, Babin A, Cougoule N, Laurent M, Martel A-C, Paris L, Rivière M-P, Dubois E, Chauzat M-P, Arafah K, Askri D, Voisin SN, Kiljanek T, Bottero I, Dominik C, Tamburini C, Pereira-Peixoto MH, Wintermantel D, Breeze TD, Cini E, Senapathi D, Di Prisco G, Medrzycki P, Hagenbucher S, Knauer A, Schwarz JM, Raimets R, Martínez-López V, Ivarsson K, Hartfield C, Hunter P, Brown MJF, Stout JC (2022) Design and planning of a transdisciplinary investigation into farmland pollinators: rationale, co-design, and lessons learned. Sustainability 14:10549

134. Straub L, Strobl V, Yañez O, Albrecht M, Brown MJF, Neumann P (2022) Do pesticide and pathogen interactions drive wild bee declines? International Journal of Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife 18:232-243

133. Vaughan OP, Straw EA, Linguadoca A, Brown MJF (2022) No effect of dual exposure to sulfoxaflor and a trypanosome parasite on bumblebee olfactory learning. Scientific Reports 12:8611


132. Brown MJF (2022) Complex networks of parasites and pollinators: moving towards a healthy balance. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 377:20210161

131. Koch H, Welcome V, Kendal-Smith A, Thursfield L, Farrell IW, Langat MK, Brown MJF, Stevenson PC (2022) Host and gut microbiome modulate the antiparasitic activity of nectar metabolites in a bumblebee pollinator. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 377:20210162

130. Stevenson PC, Koch H, Nicolson SW, Brown MJF (2022) Natural processes influencing pollinator health. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 377:20210154

129. Ivers NA, Jordan Z, Cohen H, Tripodi A, Brown MJF, Liere H, Lin BB, Philpott S, Jha S (2022) Parasitism of urban bumble bees influenced by pollinator taxonomic richness, local garden management, and surrounding impervious cover. Urban Ecosystems 25, 1169-1179

128. Ruiz-González MX, Kelly M, Moret Y, Brown MJF (2022) Parasite resistance and immunity across female castes in a social insect. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 76, 56

127. Siviter H, Matthews AJ, Brown MJF (2022) A combined LD50 for agrochemicals and pathogens in bumblebees (Bombus terrestris [Hymenoptera: Apidae]). Environmental Entomology 51, 378-384

126. Manfredini F, Martinez-Ruiz C, Wurm Y, Shoemaker DW, Brown MJF (2022) Social isolation and group size are associated with divergent gene expression in the brain of ant queens. Genes, Brain and Behavior 21:e12758

125. Straw EA, Thompson LJ, Leadbeater E, Brown MJF (2022) ‘Inert’ ingredients are understudied, potentially dangerous to bees and deserve more research attention. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 289:20212353

124. Linguadoca A, Rizzi C, Villa S, Brown MJF (2021) Sulfoxaflor and nutritional deficiency synergistically reduce survival and fecundity in bumblebees. Science of the Total Environment 795:148680

123. Straw EA, Brown MJF (2021) No evidence of effects or interaction between the widely used herbicide, glyphosate, and a common parasite in bumble bees. PeerJ 9:e12486

122. Straw EA, Brown MJF (2021) Co-formulant in a commercial fungicide product causes lethal and sub-lethal effects in bumble bees. Scientific Reports 11, 21653

121. Siviter J, Bailes EJ, Martin CD, Oliver TR, Koricheva J, Leadbeater E, Brown MJF (2021) Agrochemicals interact synergistically to increase bee mortality. Nature 596:389-392

120. Vanderplanck M, Michez D, Albrecht M, Attridge E, Babin A, Bottero I, Breeze T, Brown M, Chauzay MP, Cinia E, Costa C, De la Rua P, de Miranda JR, Di Prisco G, Dominik C, Dzui D, Firodaliso W, Gennaux S, Ghisbain G, Hodge S, Klein AM, Knapp J, Knauer A, Laurent M, Lefebvre V, Mänd M, Martinet B, Martinez-Lopez V, Medrzycki P, Peixoto MHP, Potts SG, Przybyla K, Raimets R, Rundlöf M, Schweiger O, Senapathi D, Serrano J, Stout JC, Straw EA, Tamburini G, Tktas Y, Gérard M (2021) Monitoring bee health in European agro-ecosystems using wing morphology and fat bodies. One Ecosystem 6:e63653

119. Martin CD, Fountain MT, Brown MJF (2021) The potential for parasite spill-back from commercial bumblebee colonies: a neglected threat to wild bees? Journal of Insect Conservation online early

118. Folly AJ, Koch H, Farrell IW, Stevenson PC, Brown MJF (2021) Agri-environment scheme nectar chemistry can suppress the social epidemiology of parasites in an important pollinator. Proceedings of the Royal Society B288:20210363

117. Huml JV, Ellis JS, Lloyd K, Benefer CM, Kiernan M, Brown MJF, Knight ME (2021) Bucking the trend of pollinator decline: the population genetics of a range expanding bumblebee. Evolutionary Ecology 35:413-442

116. Straw EA, Carpentier EN, Brown MJF (2021) Roundup causes high levels of mortality following contact exposure in bumble bees. Journal of Applied Ecology 58:1167-1176

115. Folly AJ, Barton-Navarro M, Brown MJF (2020) Exposure to nectar-realistic sugar concentrations negatively impacts the ability of the trypanosome parasite (Crithidia bombi) to infect its bumblebee host. Ecological Entomology45:1495-1498

114. Woods R, Turvey ST, Brace S, McCabe CV, Dalén L, Rayfield EJ, Brown MJF, Barnes I (2020) Rapid size change associated with intra-island evolutionary radiation in extinct Caribbean “island-shrews”. BMC Evolutionary Biology20:106

113. Siviter H, Folly AJ, Brown MJF, Leadbeater E (2020) Individual and combined impacts of sulfoxaflor and Nosema bombi on bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) larval growth. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 287:2020935

112. Folly AJ, Stevenson PC, Brown MJF (2020) Age-related pharmacodynamics in a bumblebee-microsporidia system mirror similar patterns in vertebrates. Journal of Experimental Biology 223:jeb217828

111. Brown M, Brown MJF (2020) Nectar preferences in male bumblebees. Insectes Sociaux 67:221-228


110. Colgan TJ, Carolan JC, Sumner S, Blaxter ML, Brown MJF (2020) Infection by the castrating parasitic nematode Sphaerularia bombi changes gene expression in Bombus terrestris bumblebee queens. Insect Molecular Biology29:170-182

109. Siviter H, Horner J, Brown MJF, Leadbeater E (2020) Sulfoxaflor exposure reduces egg laying in bumblebees (Bombus terrestris). Journal of Applied Ecology 57:160-169


108. Bailes EJ, Bagi J, Coltman J, Fountain MT, Wilfert L, Brown MJF (2020) Host density drives viral, but not trypanosome, transmission in a key pollinator. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 287: 20191969 


107. Colgan TJ, Finlay S, Brown MJF, Carolan JC (2019) Mating precedes selective immune priming which is maintained throughout bumblebee queen diapause. BMC Genomics 20:959


106. Koch H, Woodward J, Langat MK, Brown MJF, Stevenson PC (2019) Flagellum removal by a nectar metabolite inhibits infectivity of a bumblebee parasite. Current Biology 29:3494-3500


105. Siviter H, Scott A, Pasquier G, Pull CD, Brown MJF, Leadbeater E (2019) No evidence for negative impacts of acute sulfoxaflor exposure on bee olfactory conditioning or working memory. PeerJ 7:e7208

104. Martin CD, Fountain MT, Brown MJF (2019) Varietal and seasonal differences in the effects of commercial bumblebees on fruit quality in strawberry crops. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment281:124-133

103. Trillo A, Brown MJF, Vilà M (2019) Prevalence of Nosema microsporidians in commercial bumblebees (Bombus terrestris) is not related to the intensity of their use at the landscape scale. Apidologie50:234-242

102. Hodgkiss D, Brown MJF, Fountain MT (2019) The effect of within-crop floral resources on pollination, aphid control and fruit quality in commercial strawberry. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment275:112-122 doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2019.02.006

101. Martin CD, Toner C, Fountain MT, Brown MJF (2019) Busier bees: increasing nest traffic in commercial bumblebee colonies. Journal of Pollination Ecology 25:7-15

100. Siviter H, Brown MJF, Leadbeater E (2018) Sulfoxaflor exposure reduces bumblebee reproductive success. Nature 561:109-112


99. Siviter H, Koricheva J, Brown MJF, Leadbeater E (2018) Quantifying the impact of pesticides on learning and memory in bees. Journal of Applied Ecology 55:2812-2821


98. Samuelson AE, Gill RJ, Brown MJF, Leadbeater E (2018) Lower bumblebee colony reproductive success in agricultural compared with urban environments. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 285:20180807

97. Martin CD, Fountain MT, Brown MJF (2018) Bumblebee olfactory learning affected by task allocation but not by a trypanosome parasite. Scientific Reports 8:5809

96. Manfredini F, Brown MJF, Toth AL (2018) Candidate genes for cooperation and aggression in the social wasp Polistes dominula. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 204:449-463

95. Munday Z, Brown MJF (2018) Bring out your dead: quantifying corpse removal in Bombus terrestris, an annual eusocial insect. Animal Behaviour 138:51-57

94. Bailes EJ*, Deutsch KR*, Bagi J, Rondissone L, Brown MJF†, Lewis OT† (2018) First detection of honey bee viruses in hoverfly (syrphid) pollinators. Biology Letters 14:20180001

93. Hodgkiss DJ, Brown MJF, Fountain ME (2018) Syrphine hoverflies are effective pollinators of commercial strawberry. Journal of Pollination Ecology 22:55-66

92. Manfredini F, Romero AE, Pedroso I, Paccanaro A, Sumner S, Brown MJF (2017) Neurogenomic signatures of successes and failures in life-history transitions in a key insect pollinator. Genome Biology and Evolution 9:3059-3072

91. Pull CD, Ugelvig LV, Wiesenhofer F, Grasse AV, Tragust S, Schmitt T, Brown MJF, Cremer S (2017) Destructive disinfection of infected brood prevents systemic disease spread in ant colonies. eLife 7:e32073


90. Folly AJ, Koch H, Stevenson PC, Brown MJF (2017) Larvae act as a transient transmission hub for the prevalent bumblebee parasite Crithidia bombi. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 148:81-85

89. Baron GL, Jansen VAA, Brown MJF*, Raine NE* (2017) Pesticide reduces bumblebee colony initiation and increases probability of population extinction. Nature Ecology & Evolution 1:1308-1316

88. Brown MJF (2017) Microsporidia: an emerging threat in bumblebees? Trends in Parasitology 33:754-762


87. Koch H, Brown MJF, Stevenson PC (2017) The role of disease in bee foraging ecology. Current Opinion in Insect Science 21:60-67


86. McKendrick L, Provan J, Fitzpatrick Ú, Brown MJF, Murray TE, Stolle E, Paxton RJ (2017) Microsatellite analysis supports the existence of three cryptic species within the bumble bee Bombus lucorum sensu lato. Conservation Genetics 18: 573–584


85. Baron GL, Raine NE, Brown MJF (2017) General and species-specific impacts of a neonicotinoid insecticide on the ovary development and feeding of wild bumblebee queens. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 284: 20170123 [OPEN ACCESS]


84. Brown MJF, Sainsbury AW, Vaughan-Higgins RJ, Measures GH, Jones CM, Gammans N (2017) Bringing back a healthy buzz? Invertebrate parasites and reintroductions: a case study in bumblebees. Ecohealth 14:S74-S83 doi:10.1007/s10393-015-1093-5


83. Doublet V, Poeschl Y, Gogol-Döring A, Alaux C, Annoscia D, Aurori C, Barribeau S, Bedoya-Reina O, Brown MJF, Bull J, Flenniken M, Galbraith D, Genersch E, Gisder S, Grosse I, Holt H, Hultmark D, Lattorff M, Le Conte Y, Manfredini F, McMahon D, Moritz R, Nazzi F, Niño E, Nowick K, van Rij, R Paxton RJ, Grozinger C (2017) Unity in defence: honeybee workers exhibit conserved molecular responses to diverse pathogens. BMC Genomics 18:207 DOI: 10.1186/s12864-017-3597-6


82. Brown MJF, Dicks LV, Paxton RJ, Baldock KCR, Barron AB, Chauzat M-P, Freitas BM, Goulson D, Jepsen S, Kremen C, Li J, Neumann P, Pattemore DE, Potts SG, Schweiger O, Seymour CL, Stout JC (2016) A horizon scan of future threats and opportunities for pollinators and pollination. PeerJ 4:e2249 DOI:10.7717/peerj.2249


81. Tehel A, Brown MJF, Paxton RJ (2016) Impact of managed honey bee viruses on wild bees. Current Opinion in Virology 19:16-22


80. McMahon DP, Natsopoulou ME, Doublet V, Fürst M, Weging S, Brown MJF, Gogol-Döring A, Paxton RJ (2016) Elevated virulence of an emerging viral genotype as a driver of honeybee loss. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 283:20160811

79. Stentiford GD, Becnel JJ, Weiss LM, Keeling PJ, Didier ES, Williams BAP, Bjornson S, Kent ML, Freeman MA, Brown MJF, Troemel ER, Roesel K, Sokolova Y, Snowden KF, Solter L (2016) Microsporidia – Emergent pathogens in the global foodchain. Trends in Parasitology 32:336-348

78. Gill RJ, Baldock KCR, Brown MJF, Cresswell JE, Dicks LV, Fountain MT, Garratt MPD, Gough LA, Heard MS, Holland JM, Ollerton J, Stone GN, Tang CQ, Vanbergen AJ, Vogler AP, Woodward, G, Arce AN, Boatman ND, Brand-Hardy R, Breeze TD, Green M, Hartfield CM, O’Connor RS, Osborne JL, Phillips J, Sutton PB, Potts SG (2016)  Protecting an ecosystem service: approaches to understanding and mitigating threats to wild insect pollinators. Advances in Ecological Research 54:135-206


77. Tiedeken EJ, Egan PA, Stevenson PC, Wright GA, Brown MJF, Power EF, Farrell I, Matthews SM, Stout JC (2015) Nectar chemistry modulates the impact of an invasive plant on native pollinators. Functional Ecology doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.12588


76. Manfredini F*, Brown MJF*, Vergoz V, Oldroyd BP (2015) RNA-sequencing elucidates the regulation of behavioural transitions associated with the mating process in honey bee queens. BMC Genomics 16:563 (*=co-1st author)


75. Pinter-Wollman N, Brown MJF (2015) Variation in nest relocation of harvester ants is affected by population density and food abundance. Behavioral Ecology 26:1569-1576 doi: 10.1093/beheco/arv108


74. Barribeau SM, Sadd BM, du Plessis L, Brown MJF, Buechel SD, Cappelle K, Carolan JC, Christiaens O, Colgan TJ, Erler S, Evans J, Helbing S, Karaus E, Lattorff HMG, Marxer M, Meeus I, Näpflin K, Niu J, Schmid-Hempel R, Smagghe G, Waterhouse RM, Yu N, Zdobnov EM, Schmid-Hempel P (2015) A depauperate immune repertoire precedes evolution of sociality in bees. Genome Biology 16:83


73. Sadd BM, et al. (144 co-authors) (2015) The genomes of two key bumblebee species with primitive eusocial organisation. Genome Biology 16:76


72. Baracchi D, Brown MJF and Chittka L (2015) Behavioural evidence for self-medication in bumblebees? [v2; ref status: indexed,] F1000Research 2015, 4:73 (doi: 10.12688/f1000research.6262.2)


71. McMahon DP, Fürst MA, Casper J, Theodorou P, Brown MJF, Paxton RJ (2015) A sting in the spit: widespread cross-infection of multiple RNA viruses across wild and managed bees. Journal of Animal Ecology 84:615-624


70. Scriven JJ, Woodall LC, Tinsley MC, Knight M, Williams PH, Carolan JC, Brown MJF, Goulson D (2015) Revealing the hidden niches of cryptic bumblebees in Great Britain: implications for conservation. Biological Conservation 182:126-133


69. van Noordwijk CGE, Verbeck WCEP, Turin H, Heijerman T, Alders K, Dekoninck W, Hannig K, Regan E, McCormack S, Brown MJF, Remke E, Siepel H, Berg MP, Bonte D (2015) Species-area relationships are modulated by trophic rank, habitat affinity and dispersal ability. Ecology 96:518-531


68. Whitehorn PR, Tinsley MC, Brown MJF, Darvill B, Goulson D (2014) Genetic diversity and parasite prevalence in two species of bumblebee. Journal of Insect Conservation 18:667-673


67. Jones CM, Brown MJF (2014) Parasites and genetic diversity in an invasive bumble bee. Journal of Animal Ecology 83: 1428-1440


66. Fürst MA, McMahon DP, Osborne JL, Paxton RJ, Brown MJF (2014) Disease associations between honeybees and bumblebees as a threat to wild pollinators. Nature 506:364-366


65. Baron G, Raine NE, Brown MJF (2014) Impact of chronic exposure to a pyrethroid pesticide on bumblebees and interactions with a trypanosome parasite.  Journal of Applied Ecology 51:460-469


64. Pull CD, Hughes WHO, Brown MJF (2013) Tolerating an infection: an indirect benefit of co-founding queen associations in the ant Lasius niger. Naturwissenschaften 100:1125-1136


63. Maharramov J, Meeus I, Maebe K, Arbetman M, Morales C, Graystock P, Hughes WOH, Plischuk S, Lange CE, de Graaf DC, Zapata N, de la Rosa JJP, Murray TE, Brown MJF, Smagghe G (2013) Genetic variability of the neogregarine Apicystis bombi, an etiological agent of an emergent bumblebee disease. PLoS ONE 8(12): e81475


62. Whitehorn PR, Tinsley MC, Brown MJF, Goulson D (2013) Investigating the impact of deploying commercial Bombus terrestris for crop pollination on pathogen dynamics in wild bumble bees. Journal of Apicultural Research 52:149-157


61. Vanbergen AJ, Baude M, Biesmeijer JC, Britton NF, Brown MJF, Brown M, Bryden J, Budge GE, Bull JC, Carvell C, Challinor AJ, Connolly CN, Evans DJ, Feil EJ, Garratt MP, Greco MK, Heard MS, Jansen VAA, Keeling MJ, Kunin WE, Marris GC, Memmott J, Murray JT, Nicolson SW, Osborne JL, Paxton RJ, Pirk CWW, Polce C, Potts SG, Priest NK, Raine NE, Roberts S, Ryabov EV, Shafir S, Shirley MDF, Simpson SJ, Stevenson PC, Stone GN, Termansen M, Wright GA (2013) Threats to an ecosystem service: pressures on pollinators. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 11:251-259


60. Dicks LV, Abrahams A, Atkinson J, Biesmeijer J, Bourn N, Brown C, Brown MJF, Carvell C, Connolly C, Cresswell J, Croft P, Darvill B, de Zylva P, Effingham P, Fountain M, Goggin A, Harding D, Harding T, Hartfield C, Heard MS, Heathcote R, Heaver D, Holland J, Howe M, Hughes B, Huxley T, Kunin WE, Little J, Mason C, Memmott J, Osborne J, Pankhurst T, Paxton RJ, Pocock M, Potts SG, Power E, Raine NE, Ranelagh E, Roberts S, Saunders R, Smith K, Smith RM, Sutton P, Tilley L, Tinsley A, Tonhasca A, Vanbergen AJ, Webster S, Wilson A, Sutherland WJ (2013) Identifying key knowledge needs for evidence-based conservation of wild insect pollinators: a collaborative cross-sectoral exercise. Insect Conservation and Diversity 6:435-446


59. Lee GM, Brown MJF, Oldroyd BP (2013) Inbred and outbred honey bees (Apis mellifera) have similar innate immune responses. Insectes Sociaux 60:97-102.


58. Mideo N, Acosta-Serrano A, Aebischer T, Brown MJF, Fenton A, Friman V-P, Restif O, Reece SE, Webster JP, Brown SP (2013) Life in cells, hosts, and vectors: Parasite evolution across scales. Infection, Genetics and Evolution 13:344-347


57. Magnacca KN, Brown MJF (2012) DNA barcoding a regional fauna: Irish solitary bees. Molecular Ecology Resources 12:990-998


56. Murray TE, Fitzpatrick Ú, Byrne A, Fealy R, Brown MJF, Paxton RJ (2012) Local-scale factors structure wild bee communities in protected areas. Journal of Applied Ecology 49:998-1008


55. Ruiz-González MX, Bryden J, Moret Y, Reber-Funk C, Schmid-Hempel P, Brown MJF (2012) Dynamic transmission, host quality and population structure in a multi-host parasite of bumble bees. Evolution 66:3053-3066


54. Williams PH, An J, Brown MJF, Carolan JC, Goulson D, Huang J, Ito M (2012) Cryptic bumblebee species: consequences for conservation and the trade in greenhouse pollinators. PLoS ONE 7(3):e32992


53. Williams PH, Brown MJF, Carolan JC, Goulson D, An J, Aytekin AM, Best LR, Byvaltsev AM, Cederberg B, Dawson R, Huang J, Ito M, Monfared A, Raina RH, Schmid-Hempel P, Sheffield CS, Šima P & Xie Z (2012) Unveiling cryptic species of the bumblebee subgenus Bombus s. str. world-wide with COI barcodes (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Systematics and Biodiversity 10:21-56


52. Carolan JC, Murray TE, Fitzpatrick Ú, Crossley J, Schmidt H, Cederberg B, McNally L, Paxton RJ, Williams PH & Brown MJF (2012) Colour patterns do not diagnose species: quantitative evaluation of a DNA barcoded cryptic bumblebee complex. PLoS ONE 7(1):e29251


51. Colgan TJ, Carolan JC, Bridgett SJ, Sumner S, Blaxter ML & Brown MJF (2011) Polyphenism in social insects: insights from a transcriptome-wide analysis of gene expression in the life stages of the key pollinator, Bombus terrestris. BMC Genomics 12:623


50. Meeus I*, Brown MJF*, de Graaf DC, Smagghe G (2011) Effects of invasive parasites on bumble bee declines. Conservation Biology 25: 662-671 (*=co-1st author)


49. Whitehorn PR, Tinsley MC, Brown MJF, Darvill B & Goulson D (2011) Genetic diversity, parasite prevalence and immunity in wild bumblebees. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278: 1195-1202


48. Rigaud T, Perrot Minot M-J & Brown MJF (2010) Parasite and host assemblages: embracing the reality will improve our knowledge of parasite transmission and virulence. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 277: 3693-3702


47. Davis ES, Murray TE, Fitzpatrick Ú, Brown MJF, Paxton RJ (2010) Landscape effects on extremely fragmented populations of a rare solitary bee, Colletes floralis. Molecular Ecology 19: 4922-4935


46. McMullan JB, d’Ettorre P & Brown MJF (2010) Chemical cues in host-seeking behaviour of tracheal mites (Acarapis woodi) in honey bees (Apis mellifera mellifera). Apidologie 41: 568-578


45. Coffey MF, Breen J, Brown MJF & McMullan JB (2010) Brood-cell size has no influence on the population dynamics of Varroa destructor mites in the native western honey bee, Apis mellifera mellifera. Apidologie 41: 522-530


44. Magnacca KN & Brown MJF (2010) Mitochondrial heteroplasmy and DNA barcoding in Hawaiian Hylaeus (Nesoprosopis) bees (Hymenoptera: Colletidae). BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 174


43. Magnacca KN & Brown MJF (2010) Tissue segregation of mitochondrial haplotypes in heteroplasmic Hawaiian bees: implications for DNA barcoding. Molecular Ecology Resources 10: 60-68


42. Ruiz-González MX, Moret Y & Brown MJF (2009) Rapid induction of immune density-dependent prophylaxis in adult social insects. Biology Letters 5: 781-783


41. Brown MJF & Paxton RJ (2009) The conservation of bees: a global perspective. Apidologie 40: 410-416


40. Whitehorn PR, Tinsley MC, Brown MJF, Darvill B & Goulson D (2009) Impacts of inbreeding on bumblebee colony fitness under field conditions. BMC Evolutionary Biology 9:152 DOI:10.1186/1471-2148-9-152


39. Rutrecht ST & Brown MJF (2009) Differential virulence in a multiple-host parasite of bumble bees: resolving the paradox of parasite survival? Oikos 118: 941-949


38. McMullan JB & Brown MJF (2009) A qualitative model of mortality in honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies infested with tracheal mites (Acarapis woodi). Experimental and Applied Acarology 47: 225-234


37. Rutrecht ST & Brown MJF (2008) Within colony dynamics of Nosema bombi infections: disease establishment, epidemiology and potential vertical transmission. Apidologie 39: 504-514


36. Yourth CP, Brown MJF & Schmid-Hempel P (2008) Effects of natal and novel Crithidia bombi (Trypanosomatidae) infections on Bombus terrestris hosts. Insectes Sociaux 55: 86-90


35. Rutrecht ST & Brown MJF (2008) The life history impact and implications of multiple parasites for bumble bee queens. International Journal of Parasitology 38: 799-808


34. Murray TE, Fitzpatrick Ú, Brown MJF & Paxton RJ (2008) Cryptic diversity in a widespread bumble bee complex revealed using mitochondrial DNA RFLPs. Conservation Genetics 9: 653-666


33. Fitzpatrick Ú, Murray TE, Paxton RJ & Brown MJF (2007) Building on IUCN regional red lists to produce lists of conservation priorities: a model with Irish bees. Conservation Biology 21: 1324-1332


32. Rutrecht ST, Klee J & Brown MJF (2007) Horizontal transmission success of Nosema bombi to its adult bumble bee hosts: effects of dosage, spore source and host age. Parasitology 134: 1719-1726


31. Fitzpatrick U, Murray TE, Paxton RJ, Breen J, Cotton D, Santorum V & Brown MJF (2007) Rarity and decline in bumblebees – a test of causes and correlates in the Irish fauna. Biological Conservation 136: 185-194 [see above for award]


30. Ruiz-González MX & Brown MJF (2006) Honey bee and bumble bee trypanosomatids: specificity and potential for transmission. Ecological Entomology 31: 616-622


29. McMullan MJF & Brown MJF (2006) Brood-cell size does not influence the susceptibility of honeybees (Apis mellifera) to infestation by tracheal mites (Acarapis woodi). Experimental and Applied Acaralogy 39: 273-280


28. Ruiz-González MX & Brown MJF (2006) Males versus workers: testing the assumptions of the haploid susceptibility hypothesis in bumble bees. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 206: 501-509


27. Lynch AB & Brown MJF (2006) Molecular sexing of pine marten (Martes martes): How many replicates? Molecular Ecology Notes 6: 631-633

26. McMullan J & Brown MJF (2006) The influence of small-cell brood combs on the morphometry of honeybees. Apidologie 37: 665-672


25. Lynch AB, Brown MJF & Rochford JM (2006) Fur snagging as a method of evaluating presence and abundance of a small carnivore, the pine marten (Martes martes). Journal of Zoology 270: 330-339


24. Brown MJF, Bot ANM & Hart AG (2006) Mortality rates and division of labour in the leaf-cutting ant, Atta colombica. Journal of Insect Science 6:18, available online:


23. McMullan J & Brown MJF (2006) The role of autogrooming in the differential susceptibility to tracheal mite (Acarapis woodi) infestation of honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) pupated at both normal and reduced temperatures. Apidologie 37: 471-479,


22. Murray TE, Stout J & Brown MJF (2005) Additions to the Irish Apoidea: Andrena trimmerana and Osmia rufa (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae and Megachilidae). Irish Naturalists’ Journal 28: 48-49


21. Brown MJF & Baer B (2005) The evolutionary significance of long copulation duration in bumble bees. Apidologie 36: 157-167


20. Logan A, Ruiz Gonzalez MX & Brown MJF (2005) The impact of host starvation on parasite development and population dynamics in an intestinal trypanosome parasite of bumble bees. Parasitology 130: 637-642


19. McMullan J & Brown MJF (2005) Brood pupation temperature affects the susceptibility of honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) to infestation by tracheal mites (Acarapis woodi). Apidologie 36: 97-105


18. Speight MCD, Brown MJF & Stout JC (2004) Platycheirus aurolateralis and P. splendidus (Diptera: Syrphidae): insects new to Ireland and their separation from related species. Irish Naturalists’ Journal 27(11): 413-417


17. Brown MJF, Schmid-Hempel R & Schmid-Hempel P (2003) Strong context-dependent virulence in a host-parasite system: reconciling genetic evidence with theory. Journal of Animal Ecology 72: 994-1002


16. Brown MJF & Schmid-Hempel P (2003) The evolution of female multiple mating in social Hymenoptera. Evolution 57(9):2067-2081


15. Brown MJF, Schmid-Hempel R & Schmid-Hempel P (2003) Queen-controlled sex ratios and worker-reproduction in the bumble bee Bombus hypnorum, as revealed by microsatellites. Molecular Ecology, 12:1599-1605


14. Brown MJF, Moret Y & Schmid-Hempel P (2003) Activation of host constitutive immune defence by an intestinal trypanosome parasite of bumble bees. Parasitology, 126:253-260


13. Brown MJF & Bonhoeffer S (2003) On the evolution of claustral colony-founding in ants. Evolutionary Ecology Research 5:305-313


12. Brown MJF, Baer B, Schmid-Hempel R & Schmid-Hempel P (2002) Dynamics of multiple-mating in the bumble bee Bombus hypnorum. Insectes Sociaux 49:315-319


11. Hart AG, Bot ANM & Brown MJF (2002) A colony-level response to disease control in a leaf-cutting ant. Naturwissenschaften 89:275-277


10. Sauter A & Brown MJF  (2001) To copulate or not? The importance of female status and behavioural variation in predicting copulation in a bumble bee. Animal Behaviour 62:221-226


9. Sauter A, Brown MJF, Baer B & Schmid-Hempel P  (2001) Males of social insects can prevent queens from multiple mating.  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 268:1449-1454


8. Brown MJF, Loosli R & Schmid-Hempel P (2000) Condition-dependent expression of virulence in a trypanosome infecting bumblebees.  Oikos 91(3):421-427


7. Brown MJF & Gordon DM (2000) How resources and encounters affect the distribution of foraging activity in a seed-harvesting ant. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 47(3):195-203


6. Brown MJF (1999) Semi-claustral founding and worker behaviour in gynes of Messor andreiInsectes Sociaux 46(2):194-195


5. Brown MJF (1999) Nest relocation and encounters between colonies of the seed-harvesting ant Messor andreiInsectes Sociaux 46(1): 66-70

4. Wagner D, Brown MJF, Broun P, Cuevas W, Moses LE, Chao DL & Gordon DM (1998) Task-related differences in the cuticular hydrocarbon composition of harvester ants, Pogonomyrmex barbatusJournal of Chemical Ecology 24(12): 2021-2037


3. Brown MJF & Human KG (1997) Effects of harvester ants on plant species distribution and abundance in a serpentine grassland.  Oecologia 112: 237-243


2. Wagner D, Brown MJF & Gordon DM (1997) Harvester ant nests, soil biota and soil chemistry.  Oecologia 112: 232-236


1. Brown MJF & Gordon DM (1997) Individual specialisation and encounters between harvester ant colonies.  Behaviour 134: 849-866



xv. Lozier JD, Cameron SA, Duennes MA, Strange JP, Williams PH, Goulson D, Brown MJF, Morales C, Jepsen S (2015) Relocation risky for bumblebee colonies. Letter in Science 350:286-287

xiv. Brown MJF (2015) Diseases in wild bees. Nature 521: S57-S58

xiii. Brown MJF (2014) When is a honey bee parasite not a honey bee parasite? Bee Craft 96: 12-15

xii. EFSA (2013) Towards holistic approaches to the risk assessment of multiple stressors of bees. EFSA Scientific Colloquium Summary Report

xi. Brown MJF (2013) Unravelling the complexities of host-parasite interactions. Bee World 90: 36-37

x. VanBergen A, The Insect Pollinator Initiative (2012) The Insect Pollinators Initiative. British Bee-Keeping Association News December: 29-31

ix. Brown MJF (2012) Six-legged Snow Whites: a comment on Nehring et al. Current Biology

viii. Barron AB, Brown MJF (2012) Science journalism: Let’s talk about sex. Comment in Nature 488: 151-152

vii. Brown MJF (2011) Worm scientist’s identity revealed. Correspondence in Nature 474: 285

vi. Brown MJF (2011) Conservation: The trouble with bumblebees. News & Views in Nature 469: 169-170

v. Paxton RJ, Brown MJF, Murray TE (2009) Editorial: Special Issue on Bee Conservation. Apidologie 40: 193

iv. Fitzpatrick U, Murray TE, Paxton RJ & Brown MJF (2006) The State of Ireland’s Bees. National Information Pamphlet for National Parks and Wildlife Service (Ireland) and Environment and Heritage Service (N. Ireland) distributed to all Irish schools

iii. Fitzpatrick U, Murray TE, Byrne A, Paxton RJ & Brown MJF (2006) Regional red data list for Irish Bees. Report to National Parks and Wildlife Service (Ireland) and Environment and Heritage Service (N. Ireland)

ii. Paxton RJ, Murray TE, Bradley U & Brown MJF (2004) A new pollinator initiative on the island of Ireland. Bee World, 85(4):83-84

i. Brown MJF (2000) From the laboratory to the field: the advantage of pleometrotic colony founding.  Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15(3):116


Book chapters:

vi. Brown MJF (2010) Parasites and Insects: Aspects of Social Behaviour. In: Breed MD & Moore J (eds) Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, pp. 632-635 Oxford: Academic Press

v. Goulson D & Brown MJF (2009) Natural Enemies. In: Bumblebees. Behaviour, Ecology, and Conservation, D Goulson, Oxford University Press. pp. 57-79

iv. Brown MJF (2008) Is an ant colony a superorganism? In: The Seventy Great Mysteries of the Natural World, Ed: T Benton, Thames & Hudson (printed in 8 countries and 7 languages)

iii. Brown MJF & Fries I (2008) Evolutionary Epidemiology of Virus Infections in Honey Bees. In: Virology and the Honey Bee, Eds: M Aubert, B Ball, I Fries, R Moritz, N Milani & I Bernardinelli, European Commission, Belgium. pp. 277-310

ii. Brown MJF & Gordon DM (2008) Social behavior. In Sven Erik Jørgensen and Brian D. Fath (Editor-in-Chief), Behavioral Ecology. Vol. [4] of Encyclopedia of Ecology, 5 vols. pp. 3261-3264, Oxford, Elsevier

i. Brown MJF & Schmid-Hempel P (2000) Field studies of bumblebee parasites and implications for breeding programs. In MJ Sommeijer, A de Ruijter eds. Insect Pollination in Greenhouses.  Utrecht University.  pp. 59-62


Book reviews:

iv. Brown MJF (2009) Review of J Gadau & J Fewell eds. Organization of Insect Societies. From Genome to Sociocomplexity. Animal Behaviour, 78:573

iii. Brown MJF (2007) Review of BP Oldroyd & S Wongsiri, Asian Honey Bees: Biology, Conservation, and Human Interactions. Animal Behaviour, 73:553-554

ii. Brown MJF (2004) Review of D Goulson, Bumblebees: Behaviour and Ecology. Animal Behaviour, 67(2):376-378

i. Brown MJF (2000) Review of C Detrain, JL Deneubourg, JM Pasteels eds. Information Processing in Social Insects.  Animal Behaviour, 59(4): 896-897

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